Luc MICHEL/En Bref/ 2017 10 23/
Comment Rajoy compte réaliser un coup d’état constitutionnel ?
Le gouvernement espagnol a annoncé samedi des mesures draconiennes pour empêcher la sécession de la Catalogne, destituant le gouvernement, prenant le contrôle des finances, de la police et des médias publics, et plaçant le parlement sous tutelle. Ces mesures doivent être approuvées en principe d’ici le 27 octobre par le Sénat, où le parti du chef du gouvernement Mariano Rajoy dispose de la majorité absolue. Il s’est assuré à l’avance du soutien de poids du Parti socialiste et des centristes de Ciudadanos.
* Le gouvernement catalan :
Rajoy demande la destitution de l’ensemble du gouvernement catalan, la Generalitat, présidé par Carles Puigdemont, un indépendantiste de la première heure. Ses fonctions seront exercées par des “organes créés à cette fin par le gouvernement national”, mais “en principe par les ministères (nationaux) aussi longtemps que durera cette situation exceptionnelle”, a expliqué le chef du gouvernement.
Il demande au Sénat de lui confier l’autorité de dissoudre le parlement et convoquer de nouvelles élections “dans un délai de six mois après le vote du Sénat”. Cette compétence relève d’ordinaire du chef du gouvernement catalan. Le gouvernement conservateur demande également à la chambre haute de lui donner le pouvoir de nommer, démettre et remplacer dans tous les organismes et entités qui dépendent de la Generalitat.
* La police autonome :
La police catalane, les 16.000 Mossos d’Esquadra, seront placés sous l’autorité directe du gouvernement. Ils répondent jusqu’à présent aux ordres de la Generalitat. Rajoy demande même “au cas où ce serait nécessaire”, que les membres de la police autonome puissent être “remplacés par des effectifs des forces de sécurité de l’Etat”, c’est-à-dire la police nationale et la Garde civile.
* Les finances régionales :
Le gouvernement a déjà placé les finances de la Generalitat sous séquestre en septembre, pour tenter en vain d’empêcher le référendum d’autodétermination du 1er octobre, interdit par la justice. La sanction est restée en place.
Il demande à présent l’autorité d’exercer toutes les compétences financières, budgétaires et fiscales pour s’assurer que pas un euro des impôts locaux ou des sommes transférées par Madrid à la région ne soit consacré à financer les efforts de sécession.
* Télécommunications et médias :
Rajoy veut assumer “les fonctions de la Generalitat de Catalogne en matière de télécommunications et les services numériques”. Cela implique le contrôle du Centre de télécommunications et de technologies de l’information (CCTI), qui coordonne tous les systèmes informatiques du gouvernement régional.
La télévision et la radio publiques (TV3 et Catalunya Radio) passeront aussi sous le contrôle du gouvernement central pour garantir “la transmission d’une information fiable, objective et équilibrée”. Les syndicats de journalistes de TV3 ont dénoncé les directives qui selon eux biaisent la couverture en faveur de l’indépendance. Leurs collègues de la télévision nationale dénoncent eux aussi régulièrement la mainmise du gouvernement sur l’information en particulier dans la crise catalane.
* Le parlement régional :
Le gouvernement demande aussi la mise sous tutelle de l’activité du parlement catalan, où les partis indépendantistes disposent depuis 2015 d’une courte majorité de 72 sièges sur 135. Ces députés ont approuvé le 6 septembre une loi qui organisait le référendum d’indépendance du 1er octobre, loi annulée depuis par la Cour constitutionnelle dont ils ne reconnaissent plus la compétence. C’est eux aussi qui pourraient proclamer formellement l’indépendance en vertu d’une seconde loi votée dans la foulée et elle aussi annulée.
Rajoy demande à pouvoir désigner “une autorité” qui aura 30 jours pour vérifier qu’aucun texte de loi ou aucune initiative parlementaire ne va à l’encontre des mesures prises pour contrôler la Catalogne.
Une fois M. Puigdemont destitué, le parlement ne pourra pas non plus procéder au choix ni à la nomination d’un successeur, si le Sénat approuve les demandes du gouvernement.
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MEETING OF THE VALDAÏ INTERNATIONAL DISCUSSION CLUB (OCTOBER 2017, SOCHI) on https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3f7D-iLY2tI
The image of the world order is undergoing radical changes today, as the world of the future is being shaped under the influence of global conflicts. The 14th annual meeting of the Valdai Discussion Club, which will take place on October 16-19 in Sochi, is tasked with analyzing the transformation of socio-political worldviews and outlining the contours of the future.
Vladimir Putin took part in the final plenary session of the 14th annual meeting of the Valdai International Discussion Club titled The World of the Future: Moving Through Conflict to Cooperation.
Putin’s Speech At The Meeting Of The Valdai International Discussion Club: ‘[The West’s] Policy Based On Self-Assurance, Egotism And Claims To Exceptionalism Will Not Bring Any Respect Or True Greatness’:
In his speech, Putin accused the U.S. of not seeking equal cooperation with Russia. Concerning nuclear cooperation, Putin contrasted the Russian side’s demonstrated openness and trust towards the U.S., with Washington’s “total neglect” of Russia’s national interests (e.g. in supporting separatism in the Caucasus, and in the bombing of Yugoslavia and Belgrade).
Addressing Catalonia’s push for independence, Putin said that this is a Spanish internal matter that should be solved based on Spanish law. However, while drawing a parallel with Crimea’s independence from Ukraine, Putin criticized Western double standards as evidenced by support for Kosovo’s independence from Serbia contrasted with condemnation for other forms of self-determination. “It turns out that some of our colleagues think there are ‘good’ fighters for independence and freedom and there are ‘separatists’ who are not entitled to defend their rights, even with the use of democratic mechanisms,” said Putin.
Putin also tackled the centenary of the 1917 Russian Revolution, stating that its results were ambiguous. The Russian president noted: “Let us ask ourselves: was it not possible to follow an evolutionary path rather than go through a revolution? Could we not have evolved by way of gradual and consistent forward movement rather than at a cost of destroying our statehood and the ruthless fracturing of millions of human lives?”
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2017 10 24/
Putin’s Speech (October 19, 2017) at the meeting of the ‘Valdai international discussion club’ (1): “[the west’s] policy based on self-assurance, egotism and claims to exceptionalism will not bring any respect or true greatness” …
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VLADIMIR PUTIN: MEETING OF THE VALDAÏ INTERNATIONAL DISCUSSION CLUB (OCTOBER 19, 2017, SOCHI) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3f7D-iLY2tI
PUTIN: ‘THE LEADING POWERS HAVE DIFFERENT GEOPOLITICAL STRATEGIES AND PERCEPTIONS OF THE WORLD’
Fyodor Lukyanov: “… When experts get together, they can permit themselves alarmist sentiments and even a degree of pessimism, as they look fearfully into the future. But this is their advantage over politicians, because politicians and government officials certainly cannot afford this. They must be optimistic. It is to receive a dose of optimism that I give the floor to President of Russia Vladimir Putin.”
President of Russia Vladimir Putin:
“Thank you very much.
“I am not sure how optimistic it will sound, but I am aware that you had very lively discussions over the last three days. I will try, as has now become customary, to share with you what I think about some of the issues… “By tradition, this forum focuses on discussing the most pressing global political as well as economic matters. This time, the organizers, as was just mentioned again, have come up with a fairly difficult challenge asking the participants to try to look beyond the horizon, to ponder over what the coming decades may be like for Russia and the international community… “The world has entered an era of rapid change. Things that were only recently referred to as fantastic or unattainable have become a reality and have become part of our daily lives.
“Qualitatively new processes are simultaneously unfolding across all spheres. The fast-paced public life in various countries and the technological revolution are intertwined with changes on the international arena. The competition for a place in the global hierarchy is exacerbating. However, many past recipes for global governance, overcoming conflicts as well as natural contradictions are no longer applicable, they often fail, and new ones have not been worked out yet.
“Naturally, the interests of states do not always coincide, far from it. This is normal and natural. It has always been the case. The leading powers have different geopolitical strategies and perceptions of the world. This is the immutable essence of international relations, which are built on the balance between cooperation and competition.
“True, when this balance is upset, when the observance and even existence of universal rules of conduct is questioned, when interests are pushed through at any cost, then disputes become unpredictable and dangerous and lead to violent conflicts.
“Not a single real international problem can be resolved in such circumstances and such a framing of the issues, and so relations between countries simply degrade. The world becomes less secure. Instead of progress and democracy, free rein is given to radical elements and extremist groups that reject civilization itself and seek to plunge it into the ancient past, into chaos and barbarism.
THE SYRIAN CRISIS:
‘RUSSIA IS OPPOSING TERRORISTS TOGETHER WITH THE LEGITIMATE SYRIAN GOVERNMENT’
Putin: ‘Russia Is Opposing Terrorists Together With The Legitimate Syrian Government’
“The history of the past few years graphically illustrates all of this. It is enough to see what has happened in the Middle East, which some players have tried to reshape and reformat to their liking and to impose on it a foreign development model through externally orchestrated coups or simply by force of arms.
“Instead of working together to redress the situation and deal a real blow to terrorism rather than simulating a struggle against it, some of our colleagues are doing everything they can to make the chaos in this region permanent. Some still think that it is possible to manage this chaos.
“Meanwhile, there are some positive examples in recent experience. As you have probably guessed, I am referring to the experience of Syria. It shows that there is an alternative to this kind of arrogant and destructive policy. Russia is opposing terrorists together with the legitimate Syrian Government and other states of the region, and is acting on the basis of international law. I must say that these actions and this forward progress has not come easy. There is a great deal of dissension in the region. But we have fortified ourselves with patience and, weighing our every move and word, we are working with all the participants of this process with due respect for their interests.
“Our efforts, the results of which were questioned by our colleagues only recently, are now – let me put it carefully – instilling us with hope. They have proved to be very important, correct, professional and timely.
THE KOREAN CRISIS:
‘WE SHOULD NOT DRIVE N. KOREA INTO A CORNER’
Putin: ‘We Should Not Drive N. Korea Into A Corner’
“Or, take another example – the clinch around the Korean Peninsula. I am sure you covered this issue extensively today as well. Yes, we unequivocally condemn the nuclear tests conducted by the DPRK and fully comply with the UN Security Council resolutions concerning North Korea. Colleagues, I want to emphasize this so that there is no discretionary interpretation. We comply with all UN Security Council resolutions.
“However, this problem can, of course, only be resolved through dialogue. We should not drive North Korea into a corner, threaten force, stop to unabashed rudeness or invective. Whether someone likes or dislikes the North Korean regime, we must not forget that the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea is a sovereign state.
“All disputes must be resolved in a civilized manner. Russia has always favored such an approach. We are firmly convinced that even the most complex knots – be it the crisis in Syria or Libya, the Korean Peninsula or, say, Ukraine – must be disentangled rather than cut.
THE CATALONIAN CRISIS:
‘YOU MAY REMEMBER THAT WHEN CRIMEA ALSO DECLARED ITS INDEPENDENCE, AND THEN – FOLLOWING THE REFERENDUM – ITS DECISION TO BECOME PART OF RUSSIA, THIS WAS NOT WELCOMED FOR SOME REASON. NOW WE HAVE CATALONIA’
Putin: ‘Everything That Is Happening [In Catalonia] Is An Internal Matter For Spain And Must Be Settled Based On Spanish Law’
“The situation in Spain clearly shows how fragile stability can be even in a prosperous and established state. Who could have expected, even just recently, that the discussion of the status of Catalonia, which has a long history, would result in an acute political crisis?
“Russia’s position here is known. Everything that is happening is an internal matter for Spain and must be settled based on Spanish law in accordance with democratic traditions. We are aware that the country’s leadership is taking steps towards this end.
“In the case of Catalonia, we saw the European Union and a number of other states unanimously condemn the supporters of independence.
“You know, in this regard, I cannot help but note that more thought should have gone into this earlier. What, no one was aware of these centuries-old disagreements in Europe? They were, were they not? Of course, they were. However, at one point they actually welcomed the disintegration of a number of states in Europe without hiding their joy.
“Why were they so unthinking, driven by fleeting political considerations and their desire to please – I will put it bluntly – their big brother in Washington, in providing their unconditional support to the secession of Kosovo, thus provoking similar processes in other regions of Europe and the world?
“You may remember that when Crimea also declared its independence, and then – following the referendum – its decision to become part of Russia, this was not welcomed for some reason. Now we have Catalonia. There is a similar issue in another region, Kurdistan. Perhaps this list is far from exhaustive. But we have to ask ourselves, what are we going to do? What should we think about it?
“It turns out that some of our colleagues think there are ‘good’ fighters for independence and freedom and there are ‘separatists’ who are not entitled to defend their rights, even with the use of democratic mechanisms.
“As we always say in similar cases, such double standards – and this is a vivid example of double standards – pose serious danger to the stable development of Europe and other continents, and to the advancement of integration processes across the world.
AMERICAN AND WESTERN SANCTIONS:
THE U.S. CONGRESS IS OPENLY AIMED AT OUSTING RUSSIA FROM EUROPEAN ENERGY MARKETS’
Putin: ‘The Recent Package Of Sanctions Adopted By The U.S. Congress Is Openly Aimed At Ousting Russia From European Energy Markets’
“At one time the apologists for globalization were trying to convince us that universal economic interdependence was a guarantee against conflicts and geopolitical rivalry. Alas, this did not happen. Moreover, the nature of the contradictions grew more complicated, becoming multilayer and nonlinear.
“Indeed, while interconnectedness is a restraining and stabilizing factor, we are also witnessing an increasing number of examples of politics crudely interfering with economic, market relations. Quite recently there were warnings that this was unacceptable, counterproductive and must be prevented. Now those who made such warnings are doing all this themselves. Some do not even conceal that they are using political pretexts to promote their strictly commercial interests. For instance, the recent package of sanctions adopted by the U.S. Congress is openly aimed at ousting Russia from European energy markets and compelling Europe to buy more expensive U.S.-produced LNG although the scale of its production is still too small.
“Attempts are being made to create obstacles in the way of our efforts to forge new energy routes – South Stream and Nord Stream – even though diversifying logistics is economically efficient, beneficial for Europe and promotes its security.
“Let me repeat: it is only natural that each state has its own political, economic and other interests. The question is the means by which they are protected and promoted.
“In the modern world, it is impossible to make a strategic gain at the expense of others. Such a policy based on self-assurance, egotism and claims to exceptionalism will not bring any respect or true greatness. It will evoke natural and justified rejection and resistance. As a result, we will see the continued growth of tensions and discord instead of trying to establish together a steady and stable international order and address the technological, environmental, climate and humanitarian challenges confronting the entire human race today.
SCIENTIFIC AND TECHNOLOGICAL PROGRESS:
‘SUCCESSFUL TECHNOLOGICAL, INDUSTRIAL BREAKTHROUGHS WERE FOLLOWED BY DRAMATIC UPHEAVALS AND REVOLUTIONARY DISRUPTIONS’
Putin: ‘Successful Technological, Industrial Breakthroughs Were Followed By Dramatic Upheavals And Revolutionary Disruptions’
“…Scientific and technological progress, robotic automation and digitalization are already leading to profound economic, social, cultural changes, and changes in values as well. We are now presented with previously inconceivable prospects and opportunities. But at the same time we will have to find answers to plenty of questions as well. What place will people occupy in the ‘humans–machines–nature’ triangle? What actions will be taken by states that fail to provide conditions for normal life due to changes in climate and environment? How will employment be maintained in the era of automation? How will the Hippocratic oath be interpreted once doctors possess capabilities akin to all-powerful wizards? And will human intelligence finally lose the ability to control artificial intelligence? Will artificial intelligence become a separate entity, independent from us?
“Previously, when assessing the role and influence of countries, we spoke about the importance of the geopolitical factor, the size of a country’s territory, its military power and natural resources. Of course, these factors still are of major importance today. But now there is also another factor – the scientific and technological factor, which, without a doubt, is of great importance as well, and its importance will only increase over time.
“In fact, this factor has always been important, but now it will have game-changing potential, and very soon it will have a major impact in the areas of politics and security. Thus, the scientific and technological factor will become a factor of universal and political importance.
“It is also obvious that even the very latest technology will not be able to ensure sustainable development on its own. A harmonious future is impossible without social responsibility, without freedom and justice, without respect for traditional ethical values and human dignity. Otherwise, instead of becoming a world of prosperity and new opportunities, this ‘brave new world’ will turn into a world of totalitarianism, castes, conflicts and greater divisions.
“Today growing inequality is already building up into feelings of injustice and deprivation in millions of people and whole nations. And the result is radicalization, a desire to change things in any way possible, up to and including violence.
“By the way, this has already happened in many countries, and in Russia, our country, as well. Successful technological, industrial breakthroughs were followed by dramatic upheavals and revolutionary disruptions. It all happened because the country failed to address social discord and overcome the clear anachronisms in society in time.
THE RUSSIAN REVOLUTION OF 1917
Putin On The Russian Revolution Of 1917: ‘Was It Not Possible To Follow An Evolutionary Path Rather Than Go Through A Revolution?’
“Revolution is always the result of an accountability deficit in both those who would like to conserve, to freeze in place the outdated order of things that clearly needs to be changed, and those who aspire to speed the changes up, resorting to civil conflict and destructive resistance.
“Today, as we turn to the lessons of a century ago, namely, the Russian Revolution of 1917, we see how ambiguous its results were, how closely the negative and, we must acknowledge, the positive consequences of those events are intertwined. Let us ask ourselves: was it not possible to follow an evolutionary path rather than go through a revolution? Could we not have evolved by way of gradual and consistent forward movement rather than at a cost of destroying our statehood and the ruthless fracturing of millions of human lives.
“However, the largely utopian social model and ideology, which the newly formed state tried to implement initially following the 1917 revolution, was a powerful driver of transformations across the globe (this is quite clear and must also be acknowledged), caused a major revaluation of development models, and gave rise to rivalry and competition, the benefits of which, I would say, were mostly reaped by the West.
“I am referring not only to the geopolitical victories following the Cold War. Many Western achievements of the 20th century were in answer to the challenge posed by the Soviet Union. I am talking about raising living standards, forming a strong middle class, reforming the labor market and the social sphere, promoting education, guaranteeing human rights, including the rights of minorities and women, overcoming racial segregation, which, as you may recall, was a shameful practice in many countries, including the United States, a few short decades ago.
‘WE WERE CONFRONTED WITH THE REDISTRIBUTION OF SPHERES OF INFLUENCE AND NATO EXPANSION’
Putin: ‘We Were Confronted With The Redistribution Of Spheres Of Influence And NATO Expansion’
“Following the radical changes that took place in our country and globally at the turn of the 1990s, a really unique chance arose to open a truly new chapter in history. I mean the period after the Soviet Union ceased to exist.
“Unfortunately, after dividing up the geopolitical heritage of the Soviet Union, our Western partners became convinced of the justness of their cause and declared themselves the victors of the Cold War, as I just mentioned, and started openly interfering in the affairs of sovereign states, and exporting democracy just like the Soviet leadership had tried to export the socialist revolution to the rest of the world in its time.
“We were confronted with the redistribution of spheres of influence and NATO expansion. Overconfidence invariably leads to mistakes. The outcome was unfortunate. Two and a half decades gone to waste, a lot of missed opportunities, and a heavy burden of mutual distrust. The global imbalance has only intensified as a result.
“We do hear declarations about being committed to resolving global issues, but, in fact, what we see is more and more examples of selfishness. All the international institutions designed to harmonize interests and formulate a joint agenda are being eroded, and basic multilateral international treaties and critically important bilateral agreements are being devalued.
NUCLEAR COOPERATION WITH THE U.S.
Putin: ‘The Russian Side Demonstrated… Openness And Trust [In Nuclear Cooperation With The U.S.]… It Is Common Knowledge What We Received From This: Total Neglect Of Our National Interests’
“I was told, just a few hours ago, that the U.S. President said something on social media about Russia-U.S. cooperation in the important area of nuclear cooperation. True, this is the most important sphere of interaction between Russia and the United States, bearing in mind that Russia and the United States bear a special responsibility to the world as the two largest nuclear powers.
“However, I would like to use this opportunity to speak in more detail about what happened in recent decades in this crucial area, to provide a more complete picture. It will take two minutes at most.
“Several landmark bilateral agreements were signed in the 1990s. The first one, the Nunn-Lugar program, was signed on June 17, 1992. The second one, the HEU-LEU program, was signed on February 18, 1993. Highly enriched uranium was converted into low-enriched uranium, hence HEU-LEU.
“The projects under the first agreement focused on upgrading control systems, accounting and physical protection of nuclear materials, dismantling and scrapping submarines and radioisotope thermoelectric generators. The Americans have made – and please pay attention here, this is not secret information, simply few are aware of it – 620 verification visits to Russia to check our compliance with the agreements. They visited the holiest of holies of the Russian nuclear weapons complex, namely, the enterprises engaged in developing nuclear warheads and ammunition, and weapons-grade plutonium and uranium. The United States gained access to all top-secret facilities in Russia. Also, the agreement was almost unilateral in nature.
“Under the second agreement, the Americans made 170 more visits to our enrichment plants, touring their most restricted areas, such as mixing units and storage facilities. The world’s most powerful nuclear enrichment plant – the Urals Electrochemical Combine – even had a permanent American observation post. Permanent jobs were created directly at the workshops of this combine where the American specialists went to work every day. The rooms they were sitting in at these top-secret Russian facilities had American flags, as is always the case.
“In addition, a list was drawn up of 100 American specialists from 10 different U.S. organizations that were entitled to conduct additional inspections at any time and without any warning. All this lasted for 10 years. Under this agreement, 500 tons of weapons-grade uranium were removed from military circulation in Russia, which is equivalent to about 20,000 nuclear warheads.
“The HEU-LEU program has become one of the most effective measures of true disarmament in the history of humankind – I say this with full confidence. Each step on the Russian side was closely monitored by American specialists, at a time when the United States limited itself to much more modest reductions of its nuclear arsenal, and did so on a purely goodwill basis.
“Our specialists also visited enterprises of the U.S. nuclear arms complex but only at their invitation and under conditions set by the U.S. side.
“As you see, the Russian side demonstrated absolutely unprecedented openness and trust. Incidentally – and we will probably talk about this later – it is also common knowledge what we received from this: total neglect of our national interests, support for separatism in the Caucasus, military action that circumvented the UN Security Council, such as the bombing of Yugoslavia and Belgrade, the introduction of troops into Iraq and so on. Well, this is easy to understand: once the condition of the nuclear complex, the armed forces and the economy had been seen, international law appeared to be unnecessary.
‘RUSSIA RATIFIED THE COMPREHENSIVE NUCLEAR-TEST-BAN TREATY MORE THAN 17 YEARS AGO. THE U.S. HAS NOT DONE SO YET’
Putin: ‘Russia Ratified The Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty More Than 17 Years Ago. The U.S. Has Not Done So Yet’
“In the 2000s our cooperation with the United States entered a new stage of truly equitable partnership. It was marked by the singing of a number of strategic treaties and agreements on peaceful uses of nuclear energy, which is known in the U.S. as the 123 Agreement. But to all intents and purposes, the U.S. side unilaterally halted work within its framework in 2014.
“The situation around the 2000 Plutonium Management and Disposition Agreement (PMDA) of August 20 (signed in Moscow) and September 1 (in Washington) is perplexing and alarming. In accordance with the protocol to this agreement, the sides were supposed to take reciprocal steps to irreversibly convert weapons-grade plutonium into mixed oxide (MOX) fuel and burn it in nuclear plants, so that it could not be used for military purposes. Any changes in this method were only allowed by consent of the sides. This is written in the agreement and protocols to it.
“What did Russia do? We developed this fuel, built a plant for mass production and, as we pledged in the agreement, built a BN-800 plant that allowed us to safely burn this fuel. I would like to emphasize that Russia fulfilled all of its commitments.
“What did our American partners do? They started building a plant on the Savannah River Site. Its initial price tag was $4.86 billon but they spent almost $8 billion, brought construction to 70 percent and then froze the project. But, to our knowledge, the budget request for 2018 includes $270 million for the closure and mothballing of this facility. As usual, a question arises: where is the money? Probably stolen. Or they miscalculated something when planning its construction. Such things happen. They happen here all too often. But we are not interested in this, this is not our business. We are interested in what happens with uranium and plutonium. What about the disposal of plutonium? Dilution and geological storage of the plutonium is suggested. But this completely contradicts the spirit and letter of the agreement, and, most important, does not guarantee that the dilution is not reconverted into weapons-grade plutonium. All this is very unfortunate and bewildering.
“Next. Russia ratified the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty more than 17 years ago. The U.S. has not done so yet.
“A critical mass of problems is building up in global security. As is known, in 2002 the United States pulled out of the Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty. And despite being initiators of the Convention on the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons and international security, they initiated that agreement themselves, they are failing to meet their commitments. They remain as of today the only and largest holder of this form of weapon of mass destruction. Moreover, the U.S. has pushed back the deadline for eliminating their chemical weapons from 2007 to as far as 2023. It does not look proper for a nation that claims to be a champion of non-proliferation and control.
“In Russia, on the contrary, the process was completed on September 27 of this year. By doing so our country has made a significant contribution to enhancing international security. By the way, the western media preferred to keep quiet, not to notice it, though there was one fleeting mention somewhere in Canada, but that was it, then silence. Meanwhile, the chemical weapons arsenal stockpiled by the Soviet Union is enough to destroy life on the planet multiple times over.
‘THE UN SYSTEM NEEDS IMPROVEMENT, BUT REFORMS CAN ONLY BE GRADUAL’
Putin: ‘The UN System Needs Improvement, But Reforms Can Only Be Gradual’
“I believe that it is time to abandon an obsolete agenda. I am referring to what was. Without a doubt, we should be looking forward, we have to stop looking back. I am talking about this so as to understand the origins of the current situation that is taking shape.
“It is high time for a frank discussion among the global community rather than just a group of the chosen, allegedly the most worthy and advanced. Representatives of different continents, cultural and historical traditions, political and economic systems. In a changing world, we cannot afford to be inflexible, closed off, or unable to respond clearly and quickly. Responsibility for the future – this is what should unite us, especially in times like the current ones when everything is changing rapidly.
“Never before has humankind possessed such power as it does now. The power over nature, space, communications, and its own existence. However, this power is diffuse: its elements are in the hands of states, corporations, public and religious associations, and even individual citizens. Clearly, harnessing all these elements in a single, effective and manageable architecture is not an easy task. It will take hard, painstaking work to achieve this. And Russia, I will note, is willing to take part in it together with any partners who are interested.
“Colleagues, how do we see the future of the international order and the global governance system? For example, in 2045, when the UN will mark its centennial anniversary? Its creation has become a symbol of the fact that humanity, in spite of everything, is capable of developing common rules of conduct and following them. Whenever these rules were not followed, it inevitably resulted in crises and other negative consequences.
“However, in recent decades, there have been several attempts to belittle the role of this organization, to discredit it, or simply to assume control over it. All these attempts predictably failed, or reached a dead end. In our opinion, the UN, with its universal legitimacy, must remain the center of the international system. Our common goal is to raise its authority and effectiveness. There is no alternative to the UN today.
“With regard to the right of veto in the Security Council, which is also sometimes challenged, you may recall that this mechanism was designed and created in order to avoid direct confrontation of the most powerful states, as a guarantee against arbitrariness and recklessness, so that no single country, even the most influential country, could give the appearance of legitimacy to its aggressive actions.
“Of course, let us face it, the experts are here, and they know that the UN has legitimized the actions of individual participants in international affairs after the fact. Well, at least that is something, but it will not lead to any good, either.
“Reforms are needed, the UN system needs improvement, but reforms can only be gradual, evolutionary and, of course, they must be supported by the overwhelming majority of the participants in the international process within the organization itself, by broad consensus.
“The guarantee of the UN effectiveness lies in its representative nature. The absolute majority of the world’s sovereign states are represented in it. The fundamental principles of the UN should be preserved for years and decades to come, since there is no other entity that is capable of reflecting the entire gamut of international politics.
“Today, new centers of influence and growth models are emerging, civilizational alliances, and political and economic associations are taking shape. This diversity does not lend itself to unification. So, we must strive to harmonize cooperation. Regional organizations in Eurasia, America, Africa, the Asia-Pacific region should act under the auspices of the United Nations and coordinate their work.
“However, each association has the right to function according to its own ideas and principles that correspond to its cultural, historical and geographical specifics. It is important to combine global interdependence and openness with preserving the unique identity of each nation and each region. We must respect sovereignty as the basis underlying the entire system of international relations.
“Colleagues, no matter what amazing heights technology can reach, history is, of course, made by humans. History is made by people, with all their strengths and weaknesses, great achievements and mistakes. We can have only a shared future. There can be no separate futures for us, at least, not in the modern world. So, the responsibility for ensuring that this world is conflict-free and prosperous lies with the entire international community
(1) This year’s topic of the Valdai Club’s 14th meeting was “Creative Destruction: Will A New World Order Emerge from the Current Conflicts?” The four-day forum (October 16-19, 2017) in Sochi was joined by the former President of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan Hamid Karzai, the Norwegian Nobel Institute’s research director, Asle Toje, and the Executive Chairman of Alibaba Group Jack Ma. On October 19, Russian President Vladimir Putin spoke in the plenary session along with the above mentioned participants. The Russian intellectual and Research Director of the Foundation for Development and Support of the Valdai Discussion Club, Fyodor Lukyanov, served as moderator for the event.
(From Kremlin.ru, October 19, 2017)
LUC MICHEL (ЛЮК МИШЕЛЬ) & EODE
* PAGE SPECIALE Luc MICHEL’s Geopolitical Daily https://www.facebook.com/LucMICHELgeopoliticalDaily/
* Luc MICHEL (Люк МИШЕЛЬ) :
PAGE OFFICIELLE III – GEOPOLITIQUE
* EODE :
# LUC MICHEL SUR PRESS TV (IRAN)/ DANS ‘LE DEBAT’ (23 OCTOBRE 2017) :
PCN-TV/ 2017 10 02/
Après l’analyse (Partie I) sur :
Le débat (Partie II) !
PRESS TV, la télévision iranienne internationale francophone, débat avec Philipe Hugon, analyste politique, et le géopoliticien Luc MICHEL …
PRESS TV :
«Après l’annonce de la volonté de dissoudre le gouvernement catalan par Madrid, 450 000 personnes sont descendues dans les rues de Barcelone pour afficher leur refus de cette mesure et la libération des indépendantistes.
Le chef du gouvernement espagnol a annoncé le 21 octobre la destitution de l’exécutif catalan de Carles Puigdemont et la convocation d’élections régionales, afin de reprendre le contrôle de la Catalogne au bord de la sécession. Mariano Rajoy a ainsi demandé au Sénat de lui confier la faculté de dissoudre le Parlement catalan au nom de l’article 155 de la Constitution, afin de convoquer des élections dans un délai maximum de six mois.
Immédiatement après cette annonce, une foule immense s’est rassemblée dans les rues de Barcelone pour défendre le respect de l’autonomie de la région et la libération des indépendantistes arrêtés. Notre correspondant sur place a pu se rendre compte de l’ampleur de la mobilisation, la foule était en effet si compacte qu’il lui a été impossible de rejoindre la tête du cortège. Si les hélicoptères de la Guardia Civil ont été hués, la police catalane, a, elle, bénéficié des applaudissements des activistes.
A l’heure actuelle, Mariano Rajoy a toutefois assuré que ni « l’autonomie catalane ni la gouvernance autonome [n’étaient] suspendues », afin de tenter de rassurer la population catalane. Il entend selon ses dires, destituer « les personnes qui ont placé ce gouvernement hors la loi », en faisant voter des lois contraires à la Constitution espagnole et au statut d’autonomie de la Catalogne. Si le Sénat approuve les mesures demandées par Mariano Rajoy, le Parlement catalan continuera de siéger jusqu’à sa dissolution, sans toutefois pouvoir élire un nouveau président de gouvernement.
Peut-on encore parler de démocratie quand un gouvernement refuse d’organiser un référendum d’autodétermination, principe consacré par la charte des Nations unies, empêche par la force son organisation et utilise tous les subterfuges juridico-constitutionnels pour verrouiller l’expression de la souveraineté populaire ?
Nous restons perplexe et dubitatif face à cette riposte. Si l’objectif était de faire de la Catalogne un Euskadi bis et de pousser les Catalans, peuple pacifique par conviction, à suivre la voie de la violence, Rajoy et son gouvernement ne procéderaient pas autrement.
Philipe Hugon, analyste politique et Luc Michel, géopolitologue, nous donnent plus de précisions à ce sujet. »
« PEUT-ON ENCORE PARLER DE DEMOCRATIE QUAND UN GOUVERNEMENT REFUSE D’ORGANISER UN REFERENDUM D’AUTODETERMINATION, PRINCIPE CONSACRE PAR LA CHARTE DES NATIONS UNIES, EMPECHE PAR LA FORCE SON ORGANISATION ET UTILISE TOUS LES SUBTERFUGES JURIDICO-CONSTITUTIONNELS POUR VERROUILLER L’EXPRESSION DE LA SOUVERAINETE POPULAIRE ? »
LUC MICHEL :
Dans ‘LE DEBAT’,
PRESS TV (Iran) débat avec Philipe Hugon et le géopoliticien Luc MICHEL …
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Emission complète « Le Débat »
Débat/Catalogne: coup d’État en cours?
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MERCOLEDÌ 25 OTTOBRE 2017
Moscow will host an international conference titled “100 Years of the Russian Revolution: Unity for the Future” …
Press release on the upcoming international conference “100 Years of the Russian Revolution: Unity for the Future”
On October 31 and November 1, Moscow will host an international conference titled “100 Years of the Russian Revolution: Unity for the Future”. The conference is being sponsored by the Government Commission on Compatriots Living Abroad and the World Coordinating Council of Russian Compatriots Living Abroad (WCC). Invitations have been sent to 155 leaders and active members of public organisations of compatriots in 92 countries.
The development of a large Russian diaspora is closely associated with the tragic events in Russia as well as with global cataclysms. Forced into emigration by the dramatic developments at home, such as the revolution and the civil war, our compatriots of various ethnicities and religions successfully assimilated in the societies of host countries and made unique contributions to the development of these countries’ culture, art, literature, music, science and technology, as well as the economy.
As a result of the dramatic events of the late 20th century, in particular the collapse of the Soviet Union and the establishment of new states in its place, millions of people found themselves living in a foreign country and had to work hard to preserve their identity while adapting to new conditions. The new Russian authorities declared that one of the country’s priorities was to help our compatriots maintain their ties to the homeland and preserve the Russian language, culture, customs and traditions, as well as values and historical memory.
The conference participants will discuss many vital issues, such as a historical perspective of the Russian community outside Russia, the preservation of Russian identity as a precondition for the survival of the Russian diaspora, compatriots living abroad and the modern world, as well as the importance of consolidating and strengthening the Russian diaspora.
The agenda of the two-day conference includes plenary sessions, panel discussions on the revolution and the Russian world and compatriots in the modern world, as well as round table discussions on the Russian revolution and the Russian diaspora abroad, the young compatriots’ contribution to the preservation of the Russian language, culture and historical heritage abroad, and the compatriots’ media in the modern high-tech world.
EODE-RUSSIA/ 2017 10 26/
ЕСДВ – Евразийский Совет за Демократию и Выборы @EODE.russia.caucasus https://www.facebook.com/EODE.russia.caucasus/
post — 24 ottobre 2017 at 23:32
Una battaglia triste in cui si vede il bosco, la propria terra ardere. Allo stesso tempo una battaglia combattuta in modo feroce e determinato, casa per casa, metro dopo metro, con le lance e gli idranti, con le pale i rastrelli, ed ogni mezzo occasionale. Senza tregua per anche 48 ore di fila senza interruzioni.
Quella di Bussoleno in particolare, come la battaglia dell’Argiassera, frazione a nord del paese, domenica sera, data quasi per persa ed evacuata, ma vinta nella notte a colpi di lancia e pala dalle squadre locali degli anti incendi boschivi, dagli abitanti che tenacemente sono rimasti a lottare.
Nella disperazione del momento, nel vedere la natura piegata, la gioia dell’aver scelto la lotta, sul campo e di persona. Oggi, per difendere la terra in cui si è nati e che si ama, dalle fiamme, ieri e domani da chi vuole distruggerla speculando e riempiendola di cemento.
I bilanci delle spese li lasciamo per domani, di come si sarebbe dovuto investire il denaro pubblico, dei tanti canadair che si sarebbero potuti comprare al posto di un F35, o dei tanti tagli alla pulizia boschiva per far posto di una inutile galleria.
Oggi vogliamo addormentarci così, con la gioia di aver combattuto pensando agli ignavi col culo pesante che stanno a Torino e a Roma a governare e che un’esperienza così, tragica, forte e vera non la vivranno mai.
Un grazie di cuore alla Valle che Resiste, a chi ha pensato a questa terra da lontano sentendo del fuoco e a chi è corso da lontano per aiutarci.
Oltre 75mila litri di capacità, con la possibilità di raggiungere ogni parte del globo con al massimo venti ore di volo, rifornimenti inclusi. Sono queste le caratteristiche del più grande aereo antincendio del mondo, un Boeing 747-400 della compagnia americana Global SuperTanker, presentato giovedì scorso a Colorado Spring, in Colorado, sede dell’azienda e futura base operativa del velivolo.
L’aereo è stato chiamato Spirit of John Muir in onore del celebre naturalista statunitense di origine scozzese, tra i più grandi sostenitori della protezione e della conservazione dell’ambiente.
Nel corso della sua presentazione, l’aereo ha mostrato le sua capacità, effettuando un volo a bassa quota e rilasciando il suo carico d’acqua nei pressi dell’aeroporto. Secondo la Global SuperTanker il B747-400 ha una capacità di trasporto due volte superiore rispetto al più grande aereo antincendio finora utilizzato.
Durante la simulazione l’aereo ha volato a circa due cento metri d’altezza ad un velocità di circa 260 chilometri orari. Il B747, in particolare, era configurato con l’assetto d’atterraggio.
Il SuperTanker è certificato per trasportare, acqua, liquido ritardante, gel o schiuma e può essere ricaricato in circa trenta minuti. A pieno carico l’aereo ha una autonomia di oltre seimila chilometri.
Il Boeing 747 marche N744ST è arrivato alla Global SuperTanker dopo aver trasportato passeggeri per Japan Airlines dal 1991 al 2010. Nel 2012 l’aereo è stato acquisito dalla Evergreen International Airlines, una compagnia cargo che già effettuava dei servizi antincendio con dei più piccoli e obsoleti B747-100 e 747-200. Fallita la Evergreen, la Global ha acquisito il progetto e ha completato la riconfigurazione interna dell’aereo.